Health Consequences of Obesity In Adults

Before we dig into the main theme of this lesson,let us first talk about STRESS and your Stress Levels.

It isn’t just something you feel.

It’s not just that anxious feeling and tightness in your chest.

When you’re stressed your body releases stress hormones.

Cortisol, for example.

And it’s not just work and relationship type stress that releases it.

Cutting your calories with extreme diets can trigger the release of stress hormones too.

So what?

So what if you got stress hormones kicking about your body all day long? Well for a start, they can curb fat loss for one.

The stress hormone cortisol can actually increase your body fat storage and if you’re stressed out all day long that’s not a good thing.

So even if you’re training…

And even if you’ve got your diet dialed in, stress could be holding you back.

It’s well worth thinking about.

So what can you do about it?

Well,for a start, take time to de-stress :

Take time out to meditate, exercise, and spend time with the family.

Do something that stops your thinking too much.

Do something that slows you down for a second.

And remind yourself that this game; this life isn’t a rehearsal and you only get one shot to ENJOY it in all its glory.

So get out there and have some fun.

Lower your stress levels = lose some weight and live longer.

Obesity is a very serious medical condition that can lead to a variety of health conditions and early death in Adults.

What we shall endeavour to do during the 6-week Borromeo course is to present the health consequences of obesity (and being overweight) in a general, concise and informative format in thisLesson 5. In addition,a more detailed, but nonetheless intuitive format, will be presented on important health issues each week in the Borromeo Newsletters.

Research published in the American Journal of Public Health reports that 18% of all deaths in the United States are attributed to obesity-related conditions, which is three times the numbers previously reported by various government sources.

It is also the cause of billions of dollars in healthcare costs, where those conditions account for more than ¼ of all health care costs in the United States.When an individual is obese they are at risk for several different serious health problems. Some of which can be lethal.

It is also the cause of billions of dollars in healthcare costs, where those conditions account for more than ¼ of all health care costs in the United States.When an individual is obese they are at risk for several different serious health problems. Some of which can be lethal.

  • The diabetes rates are astounding since 44% of100% preventable diabetes (Type 2 Diabetes)conditions are attributed to obesity.
  • 99% of all diabetes cases are Type 2 Diabetes, which are preventable and caused by poor diet and obesity, as opposed, to the type people are born with.
  • 23% of all heart disease in the United States is attributed to obesity.
  • Also, 7% to 41% of specific cancers are obesity related, including, breast (post-menopausal), endometrial and colon cancers.
  • Life expectancy is shortened by 6 years for the obese and by 10 years for the morbidly obese.

Heart Disease

Obese people have a lot more chance of becoming a victim of abnormal heart rhythm, congestive heart failure, heart attack, and sudden cardiac death.

Reducing weight by 10-15 pounds usually decreases the risk of heart disease.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure or hypertension accounts for the most number of deaths of Americans above the age of 25.

Even though the mechanism behind the increase of blood pressure in obese people is presently unknown, we have enough data to assert that blood pressure increases with an increase in bodyweight researches  have shown that obese people display arterial resistance and elevated blood volume.

Even a small reduction of 8 pounds can bring the blood pressure of obese people with hypertension to safer levels.


Experts consider obesity to be the primary reason behind insulin resistance which can lead to type 2 diabetes, the most prevalent form of diabetes. Almost 80% of the people suffering from type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese. This form of diabetes is developed when the body fails to produce sufficient amounts of insulin, or when the insulin produced is ignored by the body cells.

Obesity has been shown to diminish the ability of insulin to control blood sugar, and the body has to produce greater amounts of insulin in order to regulate the blood sugar. This increases the risk of developing diabetes.

Significant weight loss has reversed Type 2 Diabetes in the majority of obese cases,especially after sucessful bariatric surgical interventions.

Metabolic Syndrome

Existing metabolic and endocrine disorders are adversely impacted by obesity.

Metabolic syndrome, also known as syndrome X26, affects approximately 20% of seriously overweight people.It is among the fastest growing health concerns related to obesity in the United States. It is characterized by a group of health problems(hence the term ‘syndrome’) and these problems amplify the risk of developing serious health problems which can be fatal if the problem is not confronted at a relatively early stage.


The joints of obese persons have to bear a lot more pressure due to excess weight, which results in the wearing away of the cartilage tissue that is present to protect them. With the gradual erosion of this tissue,the risk of developing Osteoarthritis is significantly increased.

Gallbladder Disease

Gallstones (commonly misspelled gall stones or gall stone) are solid particles that form from bile cholesterol and bilirubin in the gallbladder. There are two types of gallstones: 1) cholesterol stones and 2) pigment stones. As regards cholesterol gallstones within the gallbladder, If there are many or if they are large, they will invariably cause pain especially when the gallbladder responds to a fatty meal.The risks of developing this condition is higher among the obese and especially in women.


Obesity has been linked to the development of many types of cancers such as gallbladder, kidney,thyroid, pancreas, breast (after menopause) to name a few.

Sleep Apnea

Obesity often causes sleep apnea, which is a serious breathing disorder that can result in the development of many symptoms that adversely affect health and lifestyle, one of which, is chronic snoring.


Gender Specific Risks


If a woman has a waist size of 35” or more that means she has a high amount of visceral fat, also known as belly fat. Visceral fat is fat that surrounds your internal organs.

According to the, National Women’s Health ResourceCenter, too much of this type of fat is not a good thing. It is associated with increasing a woman’s risk for liver and heart disease.

Fertility can be affected as well in women, where even a 10% body fat loss can increase chances of conception by 25%.


Obese men are more likely to die from prostate cancer, rectum cancer or colon cancer. Sleep apnea is also a serious concern, which, can lead to stroke or heart attack.

Other Ailments & Side Effects

There are many everyday ailments and discomforts that plague the obese and affect the quality of their life. Simply being on one’s feet and walking around too much can be an issue because of the chronic knee, joint and foot pain incurred from supporting excess weight.

Lack of energy and the desire to move and play, such as, running with kids is another consequence of the burden of carrying excess weight.

Shortened Life Expectancy

It is also known that obesity shortens life expectancy by 6 years and for the morbidly obese,life expectancy is reduced by 10 years.

Emotional Effects

Besides health issues obesity can also cause emotional, psychological and social wellness issues.People who are obese are less likely to have a social life. They tend to remain more isolated and are less likely to engage in social activities, mostly due to years of ridicule, looks, laughs and rejection from the opposite sex. That is not the way anyone should have to live their life. However,the world is a cruel place with a lot of prejudices towards the overweight that can affect personal and social life for the obese for many years.

Many suffer from depression, very low self-esteem and body image disorder. For some, self-loathing becomes a part of everyday life, and causes them to withdraw, which leads to loneliness and a lack of closer relationships and romantic involvements.

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