What Is Obesity ?

Obesity is a medical condition where persons have too much body fat that is difficult to control through dieting and can be contributed to by both genetic and environmental factors.Obesity is identified when one has a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater.The American Medical Association classified it as a disease in 2013.

5 Common Causes Of Obesity

There are without a doubt a variety of different things that can lead to obesity. They can be genetic, hormonal or behavioral.

It is not known why exactly some people become obese and other’s don’t even when they have similar lifestyles.Some people absorb calories differently and for many being overweight begins in childhood and extends into adulthood.

Obesity was classified as a disease by the American Medical Association in 2013, and is treated as such by the medical profession. The invention of bariatric surgery was created with that in mind, that provides medical methods of helping the obese lose weight when they cannot do so on their own. One of the ways that such surgery works is by interfering with the absorption of calories by the body.

Generally speaking obesity is the result of eating more calories than you are burning. And here are 5 things that can lead to that happening.

Inactivity

When you aren’t active you don’t burn many calories. And if you are like me and work from home it’s very easy to eat way more than you realize. Add that to the fact you aren’t getting much exercise and it can without a doubt lead to becoming overweight and then obese.

Bad Eating Habits

As the saying goes, you are what you eat. If your daily diet includes McDonald’s for breakfast and lunch that’s not good. Yes McDonald’s has healthy options but very few of us actually order them.In order to really eat healthy you will need to cook more and eat out less. Focus on getting lots of fresh fruits and veggies in your diet. If you can cut out fast food all together,all the better.That being said,at least try and limit this ‘indulgence’ to just once or twice a week.

A Lack Of Sleep

Most people have no idea how important getting enough sleep is every single night. When you are sleep that is the time your body repairs itself. When you don’t get enough sleep you leave yourself vulnerable to things such as hormone changes and an increase in appetite. Both of these factors can lead to you eating more and gaining weight.

Certain Medications

There are certain medications that can cause you to gain weight. Some of the most common ones include anti-seizuremedications, corticosteroids, beta blockers, antidepressants and diabetes medications just to name a few. One wayto try and combat this is through diet and exercise. Try to eat clean as much as possible. You should also try to get at least 4 hours of exercise every week.

Health Issues

If you suffer from certain health issues it may lead to you gaining quite a bit of weight. Conditions such as Cushing syndrome can cause weight gain. Arthritis can also lead to weight gain. Not because of the condition itself but because it can make it difficult to do certain activities. You become less active and therefore start to gain weight. If you gain too much weight it can lead to obesity.

Please bear in mind that a low metabolism is not likely to lead to obesity neither a low thyroid function will not. If you have a medical issue and you notice you are starting to gain weight, speak with your doctor. Find out if it’s the condition or the medications being used to treat the condition. You should also discuss matters that you can do to prevent a substantial amount of weight gain.

As stated before, one of the best ways you can do to combat obesity is eat a healthy, well-balanced diet on a regular basis. The key is to be consistent. No you don’t have to eat healthy everyday but you should do so at least 4 times a week.

How Obesity Is Measured In Adults

For the most part, clinicians use the Body Mass Index (BMI) measurement to ascertain weight problems and obesity(see image below).

The Body Mass Index (BMI)

According to the CDC, the Body Mass Index (BMI) is a number that is calculated using a person’s weight and height.It provides a reliable indicator of body fat for most people and is used as a screening tool to categorize weight scales that may lead to health problems.

The BMI measurement applies to both men and women.

How Obesity Is Measured In Children

The Center for Disease Control offers growth charts for medical professionals that are used to determine BMI corresponding to age and sex percentiles in kids age 2 to 19.In kids, overweight is defined as a BMI at or above the 85th percentile, but, below, the 95th percentile for kids of the same age and sex.Obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile.

BMI Chart For Adults

  • A BMI of 30 or greater is obese.
  • A BMI of 40 or greater is considered extreme obesity also referred to as morbid obesity.
  • There are charts and also many online calculators to measure BMI.
  • There are charts and also many online calculators to measure BMI.
  • Finding out if you fall into the overweight, obese or extremely obese classification is the beginning step in addressing your weight problems.
  • Any unhealthy range is important to address, and begin the road to good health by speaking with your doctor.

The Statistics

Adult Numbers

Obesity is a worldwide problem, and rates of obesity have doubled since 2008 from 15% to 30%.

In the United States, obesity has been deemed an epidemic by the president, due to the record numbers of obesity in both children and adults.

In fact, 68.5% of the US population is either overweight or obese with more than 2/3 of adults being overweight or obese in 2014.

And, 6.4% of the US population are extremely obese witha BMI of 40 or greater.

Worldwide, the number of overweight and obese individuals rose more than 145% from 857 million in 1980to 2.1 billion in 2013 (Global Burden of Disease Study2013, published in The Lancet).

Child Numbers

Obesity in children has skyrocketed over the last fewyears. According to the Center For Disease Control, from1980 to 2012 the numbers of obesity in kids age 6 to 11 has increased from 7% to 18%.And amongst teens age 12 to 19 from 5% to 21%.31.8% of adolescents and children are either overweight or obese, and, of those, 16.9% of kids are obese.1/3 of school age children are obese.And, ¼ of 2 to 5 year old kids are obese or overweight.

Obesity is a major problem in low income households, where 30.4% of pre-schoolers are overweight or obese.


By State

Mississippi has the highest rates of obesity at 35.4%.

States with lowest rates of obesity:

  • Montana at 19.6%Colorado at 20.4%Nevada at 21.1%
  • Colorado at 20.4%
  • Nevada at 21.1%

By Country

More than half of the world’s obese individuals live in these ten countries :

6 Obesity Myths And Facts

When it comes to obesity there is a ton of information floating around.Some of it is accurate and some of it is completely inaccurate. My goal with this article is to help you understand some of the facts and myths associated with obesity.

Fact – Yes, physical activity and eating habits do play a huge role inwhether or not someone becomes obese. However, these behavioral issues aren’t the only things that canlead to obesity. There are a lot of other elements that can also lead to obesity.

For instance, if you have a family history of obesity you are more likely to be obese.

If you have a hormone disorder such as a thyroid issue it puts you at risk for obesity. Sometimes weight loss management isn’t enough. You may also need medical intervention.

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Myth #1 – People Are Obese Because They Don’t Workout & They Have Bad Eating Habits

Fact – Yes, physical activity and eating habits do play a huge role in whether or not someone becomes obese. However, these behavioral issues aren’t the only things that can lead to obesity. There are a lot of other elements that can also lead to obesity.For instance, if you have a family history of obesity you are more likely to become obese.If you have a hormone disorder such as a thyroid issue it puts you at risk for obesity. Sometimes weight loss management isn’t enough. You may also need medical intervention.

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Myth #2 – Obesity Is Only Prevalent In Developed Countries

Fact – In regions of economic prosperity the obesity rates can be as high as those in industrialized countries.The interesting thing is you will find cases of obesity even in developing countries where malnutrition ishigh. Many researchers believe this is due to the changes in society. Now more food is available which means people are eating more. So obesity isn’t just a problem in one part of the world. It is a problem all over the world.

3

Myth #3 – Weight Gain In Women Is Healthy Over Time

Fact – There is no doubt your metabolism will change as you get older. As a result you may gain a little weight.That’s perfectly normal. However, if you put on more than20 pounds that is not normal and will increase your chances of getting an obesity-related disease. A study published by the U.S. Surgeon General showed women who gain more than 20 pounds between the age of 18 and their mid-forties are at higher risk of developing postmenopausal breast cancer. So while gaining some weight is a natural part of aging, gaining too much can be very detrimental to your health.

4

Myth #4 – Osteoarthritis Only Develops When You Gain A lot Of Weight In A Short Time

Fact – As far as the development of osteoarthritis is concerned timing is not a big factor. As a matter of fact,for every two pounds you gain your risk of developing arthritis only increases by about 13 percent.

If you are obese and looking to lose weight please avoid fad diets. They don’t work and usually end up doing more harm than good. To lose weight you need to start eating a healthy diet and get some exercise in at least 3 times a week.

If you feel your weight gain is due to an illness or other medical condition speak with your doctor. He/She will be able to test you to see what’s going on. If there is a problem they will be able to treat it and get you moving towards your weight loss goals.

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Myth #5 – Fat Jokes Are Funny and They Don’t Hurt Feelings

Fact – All fat jokes, attitudes, looks, snickers and laughs hurt. Most overweight people know when people are making fun of them or looking down at them because of their weight.

Unfortunately, in the United States we worship thin, and beach body babes and anorexic models are considered “hot” and the “thin” criteria seems to be getting smaller and smaller each year.

Children who are overweight can be the victims of relentless teasing at school, and for them it can be even more difficult because they lack the adult coping skills to deal with such bullying.

Moreover, childhood teasing can spill into adulthood creating a person who lacks confident and self-esteem.The obese suffer from prejudice at work, school and in the world, and all of it hurts.

The fact that the obese often live socially unconnected lives because they are shut out of the typical social scenarios that “hot” people enjoy, is hurtful enough, but, people’s prejudices and attitudes, jokes and laughs just add insult to injury.

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Myth #6 – Childrn’s Baby Fat Is Cute, They Will Grow Out Of It

Fact – NOT ALWAYS TRUE!

While some kids do lose their baby fat, as children grow any weight problems need to be addressed with a qualified medical professional to ascertain the individual situation.

This is critical as 16.9% of US kids are obese and more than 35% are overweight or obese. These numbers are staggering since they were almost non-existent back in the 1960s.

Parents need to address obesity in their kids and take all the necessary steps to prevent it.

Obesity in kids is rising and the health effects can be disastrous, including, Type 2 Diabetes, with already more than 3,600 kids being diagnosed each year, along with heart disease, hypertension and others.

So Is Obesity Genetic?

The answer is yes, in some cases. Your genetics can determine how many fat cells you are born with. But it can also determine just how fast your metabolism is.

The bottom line is all obesity cases are not genetic. Some are due to health problems and others are due to poor eating habits and a lack of exercise. And, some are a combination of all of those things.

One thing is sure, the obese can lose weight.So there is hope, lots of it. Just make sure you bring tons of belief!

Therefore one of the easiest ways to combat it is to change your eating habits. Start eating a diet high in vegetables and fresh fruit. You should also get plenty of exercise. If these things don’t prove to be enough you should speak with your doctor.

Sometimes you may need medical intervention to help get the weight off. A doctor will give you a check up to see what the problem is. If medication is needed they will prescribe it so you can start the process of losing weight.

THE END-OF-LESSON ‘MINI-QUIZZES’

After the completion of each lesson there will be a website link to a quiz site where following FREEregistration you will be able to attempt the quiz relevant to the lesson you have just completed.The principal aim of these quizzes is solely to reinforce what you have learnt AND ensure you can APPLY it in the shortest possible time to your lifestyle and that of your family (and friends!).

For the most part,the quizzes involve :

  • selecting the correct letter response from a choice of 5 options
  • material / information gleaned from the lessons
  • self-assessment/correction only after you have completed the quiz since the correct responses will be made available to the quiz-taker.

 

PROCEDURE FOR THE INTERACTIVE QUIZZES

The guide previously mentioned is self-explanatory as regards gaining access to the Lesson Quizzes and accompanying information with respect to taking quizzes, viewing results, seeking help and logging out.

However,to save time ……..

1stly2ndly as this is your first visit,register for free and then create your own username and password.Future visits will only require you to log in using your username and password.3rdly,after registration, use the ‘Search Tab’ option typing in “Borromeo Lesson Quizzes” as your keyword research tool.You will now be presented with the complete set of lesson quizzes from which you should ONLY CHOOSE a quiz for which you have already completed the relevant lesson.

Enjoy your quizzes,you will find learning all the more fun !

To Register and Get Started………

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